An Edition of The Rover play analysis

This project grew out of an exercise designed primarily to give graduate students practical experience in the processes of textual bibliography.  It was continued and completed based on two beliefs:  first, that the errors found among extant editions are significant enough to warrant further revision, and second, that the existence of a text with format and language accessible to modern readers is essential to the survival of this important work.  With these aims in mind, we have worked to produce an edition of The Rover that respects not only the believed intentions of the author and the integrity of the earliest texts, but also the needs and concerns of contemporary students,teachers, actors, directors, and audiences of all sorts.

The version of the play chosen as the copy text for this edition was the second issue of the first edition, printed in 1677.  The first comparison text was an issue of the second edition that was printed in 1697.  The second comparison text was a 1915 volume edited by Montague Summers.  Summers’ text was chosen because it is based primarily upon a 1724 collection of Behn’s dramatic pieces–a collection that, according to Summers, is “by far the best and most reliable edition of the collected theater.”

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
An Edition of The Rover play analysis
Just from $9/Page
Order Essay

Most of the changes documented in the textual notes stem from substantive discrepancies between these three texts.  Often these discrepancies are the result of words or phrases being inverted from one edition to another.  Note 44, for instance, concerns the stage directions in a scene where Florinda hugs Belvile and his vizard falls off.  In the earliest edition, the hugging precedes the unmasquing, but in the 1697 edition, the masque falls off before the embrace.  The order in which these actions are performed have significant consequence forthe audience’s understanding of Florinda’s motivations:  is she hugging Belvile because she thinks he is Belvile, or because she thinks he is someone else?  Other noted discrepancies are cases where words were omitted in one or more of the editions.  In the 1677 and 1915 versions, for example, Philipo delivers the line in Act III, “Blame me not, Lucetta”;  yet in the 1697 version, the line reads “Blame not Lucetta” (note 32).  Again, the difference is substantial;  isPhilipo attempting to shift culpability from himself or from Lucetta?  In these cases, unless the context of the action suggests that the changes of the later texts were logically sound (see note 61), the copy text was taken as the authoritative version.

In some instances, accidental changes were also cited in the textual notes (see notes 28, 58, and 65, for example).  Most of these noted changes highlight differences in punctuation.  Although, as will be discussed below, many changes in punctuation have not been noted, those where the alteration would affect the inflection and delivery (if not the very meaning) of a line have been cited.

This text contains many instances of editorial regularization that are not specifically indicated in the notes following the text. Capitalization, except in those cases where nouns are personified in direct address (“Honour” or “Fortune,” for instance), has been standardized for the ease of the modern reader.  Excessive commas have been deleted, and periods have been added at the end of some lines. Names of characters were regularized where there were inconsistencies even within a single text (e. g. “Angelica” with one and two “l’s”). Spelling has been similarly regularized.  For the most part, for example, past-tense verbs ending in “t” in the early editions have been changed to “ed.”  The expression “whe” is consistently replaced with “why.”  “My self” and “your self” have been combined into the modern compound words throughout.  More substantive spelling changes were made in cases where it seemed outdated orthography could significantly slow or distract a modern audience.  For example, “perswasive” becomes “persuasive” and “jealousie” becomes “jealousy.”  similarly, the final “k” has been dropped from words such as “rhetorick” and “antick,” and “wou’d” and “cou’d” have been spelled in full.  The “-our” endings of words such as “honour” and “vigour,” however, have been left intact — for though the abbreviated “-or” endings have widely replaced them in America, the “-our” spellings are still used in contemporary English discourse.

After considerable debate among the editors, it was decided that Behn’s frequent use of contractions (“e’en,” “tis,” and “to’t,”  to name a few) was one aspect of the text that would not be regularized according to modern standards. Because Behn often mixes poetry into this primarily prosaic text, it was decided that significantly altering syllables could disturb an intentional metric or rhythmic design. Likewise, the archaic pronouns “thee” and “thou” have been preserved so as not to damage the aural and tonal effects of the original.  Finally, the metrical divisions of the early texts have been preserved in this edition, as they were in the 1915 edition.

A final change not included in the textual notes concerns the numbering of scenes.  In both the 1677 and 1697 editions, individual scenes usually cease to be numbered mid-act;  that is, usually the first (and sometimes the second) scene of each act is marked by number, but later scenes lack the numeric designation.  The 1915 edition, however, continues to number scenes throughout each act.  For ease of reference (for teachers or directors, for example), we have chosen to follow the 1915 version.

Of course, we recognize the irony in regularizing the text of a play about irregularities, “opening up” a text built around covering up. But in the process of creating this edition, we have also frequently shared with Behn’smasquers the pleasurable experience of revealing a state that was once concealed.  It is our hope that the text that follows succeeds in straightening out Behn’s wonderful world of tangles and confusions, so that other readers may continue to participate in the play of this play, as well.

Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!

order custom essay paper