Do not resuscitate[DNR] order analysis

An apparent 19 year old male is brought to the emergency room by ambulance experiencing respiratory failure related to the patient’s AIDS virus.  The patient is accompanied by his girlfriend who states that the patient has a do not resuscitate (DNR) order.  As the emergency room physician tries to contact the patient’s primary care physician he finds that the patient is under the care of a pediatrician and becomes suspicious about the DNR order.  The doctor then confronts the girlfriend about the age of the patient because he is unable to communicate due to his respiratory condition.  The girlfriend gives in and admits that the actual age of the patient is 17.  The doctor immediately intubates the patient in an effort to stabilize his respiratory condition.  After the patient is stabilized he informs the doctor that he does not want to be intubated again or placed on a respirator.  After the patient’s mother arrives the physician explains the preceding happenings including the DNR order given by the patient. The mother reluctantly goes along with her son’s wishes and signs the documentation implementing the DNR order.

The patient soon confronts the doctor and makes him promise to stick to the DNR order no matter what his condition, the physician agrees.  Shortly afterwards the patient goes into respiratory arrest.  All the parties involved in this situation are present when the respiratory arrest occurs.  The physician stands by with all intentions of honoring the DNR but within thirty seconds of the arrest, the mother orders the physician to intubate.  The physician looks over at the patient as he shakes his head indicating that he does not want to be resuscitated, the physician is also aware that the patient is within 2 weeks of being 18.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Do not resuscitate[DNR] order analysis
Just from $9/Page
Order Essay

The major dilemma in this situation is who gets to make the life or death decision.  It is clear what the patient wants for his course of treatment, but the mother is equally clear in the treatment her son should receive.  Both, mother and son, have selfish reasons for wanting their decision to be upheld.  The mother does not want to see her son die and will at all costs keep him alive.  The patient, who has lived with the AIDS virus since age four, has seen many of his friends placed on ventilators only to later die.  He does not want that quality of life in his final days, and the physician is supportive of this request but is constrained by many legal issues.

When faced with moral decisions, such as the preceding story, a person can use the philosophy known as Utilitarianism as a basis to make their decision.  The basic premise of this philosophy is that the greatest good comes from creating happiness for the greatest number of people.  It takes the view that an action is right if it is likely to produce the best consequences compared to all of the other possible actions.  The best consequences are those which involve the maximization of what is good and the minimization of what is bad.  Utilitarianism also takes the view that one should sacrifice their own good for the greater pleasure of others, if the situation calls for such action.

To decide a route to follow in a moral question, we all have the core feeling of sensitivity and compassion.  These feelings make us look at any situation with these senses and may sometimes guide our decision.  It has been shown that humans as a whole race desire happiness and things that will bring us happiness.  As a pure utilitarian one may justify his or her actions by feeling that no other act that could have been performed would have produced more pleasure for the whole society.  The decision is not based on any of society’s rules, but solely on the pleasure principle, which states that whatever action will produce the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest amount of people will be the correct action.

If something is intrinsically good, it is good in itself no matter what its consequences are.  If something is instrumentally good, it is good because of its consequences.  A utilitarian would say that pleasure and only pleasure is intrinsically good.  This philosophy clearly takes pleasure to be desirable as it recommends producing greatest pleasure and minimal pain.

In the case of the 19 year old patient with AIDS, it seems highly possible that the greatest amount of pain would come from the death of the young patient.    This probability suffices for a quantitative utilitarian, but it does not account for the consequences, which create an entirely different problem.  After considering the possible actions, a utilitarian must also consider the consequences of an action.

As we look at this situation, if the patient is allowed to discontinue treatment his mother and girlfriend, as well as any other family members or friends, would have to stand by and watch the young patient die and would therefore suffer great pain.  The action of not terminating the patient’s treatment means that the patient would have to live the rest of his short life on a ventilator and in great pain.  This is where the first problem with the application of utilitarianism exists.  How can you measure happiness and decide which action would result in the greatest happiness for everyone involved.  Then there is the question of scope.  How far does someone look in deciding who is involved and who would be affected by the action?


In Utilitarianism, there is no agreement about what is the “good” that is to be maximized for all concerned in different situations.  Who decides what is good for whom?  And whose interests are primary in these decisions?  Furthermore does someone have authority over anyone else in making these decisions?

Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!

order custom essay paper