System Development Tools and Techniques

Table of Contents

System Development Tools and Techniques. 3

Introduction. 3

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Task 4: Systems Development – Phases, Tools, and Technique. 3

Why Is It So Difficult To Get Computer Systems To Easily Communicate With Each Other?. 3

How Have You Used Prototyping In Your Personal Life To Build Something?. 4

Why Would The CDC NOT Want To Pursue Outsourcing?. 4

Task 5: Enterprise Infrastructure, Metrics, and Business Continuity Planning – Building and Sustaining the Dynamic Enterprise. 5

What Sort Of Computer-Based Interactions Have You Had With Your Local, County, Or State Government?  5

In what way(s) did technology support or hinder those interactions?. 6

Why Do Government Entities Seem To Lag Behind The Private Sector In The Use Of Technology?  6

References. 8









System Development Tools and Techniques


The proper availability of an ingenious infrastructure in information technology is fundamental to any organization’s decision-making process. In my opinion as well as drawing from practice, the most appropriate approach is the utilization of custom software. Unfortunately, there exist several shortcomings. The cost of development is exorbitant in comparison to pre-canned software applications. Pre-canned software applications encompass limitations since they are intricate to customize for an organization’s needs. Rapid development by means of automated development tools is the fundamental element for the survival of any organization. In a milieu of incessantly developing technology, the necessity for automated development milieus is increasingly imperative.

Task 4: Systems Development – Phases, Tools, and Techniques

Why Is It So Difficult To Get Computer Systems To Easily Communicate With Each Other?

At the CDC, it is evident that the organization uses application software that is not compatible with diverse application software. The data base at CDC has stored in dissimilar servers as well as application software that are incompatible with different application software. The CDC requires adopting a service oriented architecture (SoA). This would facilitate the simplicity of integration across every information repositories, hardware platforms as well as application software. It would enable synchronization, transformation as well as migration of identity and generic data across heterogeneous computer systems. This would help CDC in maintaining trusted and consistent data across manifold resources.

How Have You Used Prototyping In Your Personal Life To Build Something?

Prototyping in code speeds up the working as well as process of testing once the basics are understood. However, there might be a need to adjust the workflow slightly in order to adapt to it. In my experience, I have stopped wire-framing for the majority of my projects. As a replacement for of conscientiously diagramming each detail in a design, I work easier and faster with uncomplicated sketches. I begin prototyping against the users’ needs and goals, afterward these get together as more inclusive layouts. It is a grand exercise in validating decisions and encouraging simplicity too. Rather than casually throwing everything on a page and subsequently shuffling them about, as it is easy to do while sketching boxes in a diagramming tool, I tend to rationalize every decision. It is unproblematic to center on what is in actuality, imperative to get what I need to do and establish topography, flow, and hierarchies, in an actual page. When dealing with an actual page, it is surprising how it changes people’s perspectives on how a model comes together.

Why Would The CDC NOT Want To Pursue Outsourcing?

Outsourcing facilitates organizations in focusing on their foundational business and may generate a competitive advantage through decreasing the operational costs.  Organizations engage in outsourcing as a tactical initiative to develop quality, customer service, and minimize costs. Outsourcing may be utilized on temporary or a permanent basis to bridge staffing gaps, to learn superior quality techniques or development of faulty product designs (Haag & Cummings, 2010). Regardless of the merits of outsourcing, the CDC may not be keen on outsourcing owing to several issues. The most significant reasons would include;

  1. Vulnerability Risk.

In the event that CDC implements outsourcing, it may expose itself to increased vulnerability of its strategic information. CDC requires that its network is provided with accurate information, especially the health care professionals and researchers. In the event that information to these entities is inaccurate, it would jeopardize the operations of the organization, which greatly impact on human life.

  1. Quality Service.

Unless the outsourcing contract explicitly identifies a quantifiable process in relation to quality service reporting, there may be a low service quality incidence.

  1. Public/Employee Opinion.

There may be negative perceptions in regard to outsourcing and the commiseration in relation to lost jobs.  This requires being managed sensitively.

  1. Employee Layoffs.

Outsourcing usually results in reduction of staffing levels. If it is not well planned by way attrition, employee layoffs are unavoidable. If issues of employee layoffs are not managed pertinently, may bear a negative impact on the remaining employees.

Task 5: Enterprise Infrastructure, Metrics, and Business Continuity Planning – Building and Sustaining the Dynamic Enterprise

What Sort Of Computer-Based Interactions Have You Had With Your Local, County, Or State Government?

Information technology has fundamentally changed numerous aspects of daily life, together with interaction with the government. The role of information technology continues to expand as more citizens utilize it in search of pertinent information, procurement of services and goods, as well as participation in virtual communities. In North Carolina, the local government has made noteworthyadvancement in technology. I had an opportunity to interact with the Geographical Information Systems (GIS) that are used by the local government in North Carolina. The employment of GIS is one of the most indispensable technologies that Takai identified as necessary in California.

In what way(s) did technology support or hinder those interactions?

The GIS has enhanced the internal government initiatives by helping in pipe and meter location. The use of technology in the local governments of North Carolina has enhanced the planning departments. This has been through facilitating the staff in accessing an all-inclusive database that spatially depicts items and areas of interest. The GIS utilized in North Carolina is one of the most constructive tools in combating crime, among a multiplicity of ways. The majority of counties and cities in North Carolina have experienced momentous change since embracing contemporary technological advancements.

Why Do Government Entities Seem To Lag Behind The Private Sector In The Use Of Technology?

It is obvious from the case study that, governments are slow in embracing technology, compared to the trend in the private sector. However, any change towards embracing technology faces numerous hurdles. This is evident in the case study whereby Takai is faced with a diversity of obstacles. In the public sector, the ability to obtain the full benefits of technology is limited and largely hindered by the existence of numerous political, economic and social hindrances (Haag & Cummings, 2010).

The dawn of digital connectivity, the Internet, explosion and utilization of e-commerce as well as business models in companies in the private sector pressurize the public sector to reorganize its hierarchical, and bureaucratic, managerial models. It is evident that Governments internationally experience the challenge of the scientific revolution and the necessity to modernize their administrative practices as well as, management systems.

The conventional bureaucratic paradigm, exemplified by in-house productive efficiency, departmentalization, functional rationality, hierarchical control as well as, rule-based management, forms the greatest impediments in the public sector in regard to utilization of technology (Sudweeks, 2002).



















Haag, S. & Cummings, M. (2010). Management Information Systems for the Information Age.       New York, McGraw-Hill.

Sudweeks, G. (2002). Culture, Communication, Technology: Moving Towards an Inter-cultural   Universal Village. New York, University of New York Press.

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